Report/manuscript should be double spaced so that it can be easily
a typeface/point size that is also easy to read.
should be no more than 27 lines of text (not counting the running
head and page number) on each page.
should be 1 inch (2.5 cm) on top, bottom, left and right of the
not add an extra space between paragraphs, instead indent the
first sentence of each paragraph 5 spaces.
6. Do not put your name in the header.
7. Put the page number in the upper right corner of the header
(just after the running head)
8. Your running head should be a simplified version of your title.
A good rule of thumb is to include the name of your artefact in
the title and to have that name as the running head.
not quote large blocks of text. Paraphrase and reference is the
rule of thumb. Only quote something that is too important to put
into your own words. In other words, the exact phrase of the author
is too important to leave open to interpretation.
NOT make every paragraph in this report a labeled subsection.
It is a mark of poor academic writing to have every paragraph
set out as a subsection. This is not a business report that will
be 'skimmed' but rather an academic report that is to be read,
understood, and enjoyed.
sure that you do the Reference page with hanging indents.
Parts of the Report
Summarize the main idea of the paper simply - your report title
should include the name of your artifact. For example: E-Health:
name: First, Middle Initial (unless author goes by two names)
and Last name
affiliation: Institution where you worked on paper
head: Abbreviated title that is printed at the top of every page
- this should be just your artifacts title: Example: E-Health
(from the title referenced above)
(this is on a separate page)
Brief comprehensive summary of the contents of the article/report
(this is written last)
Introduction (starting a new page)
the problem and background to why the brief was set. This is where
you discuss the reasons for developing online community resources.
If you are proposing a project to meet a particular government
scheme you would briefly state the scheme and the reasons for
it. You do NOT discuss your project or what you are planning to
do except in passing. You will refer to your concept document
which should be Appendix 1.
should be able to be written in approximately 1000-1500 words
Literature Review (starting a new page)
the literature but it is not necessary to go into exhaustive depth.
Assume that the reader has some knowledge in the field. A review
of earlier work provides an appropriate review of the secondary
research and recognizes the priority of the work of others to
the work you are doing. You must cite work that you refer to in
your paper. The purpose of a literature review is to show where
the work you are doing is going to fit in with the work others
have done in the same subject. Nothing is created in a vacuum.
Make sure that the reader understands the importance of your project
in relation to work undertaken by others.
is not impressed that you explain EVERY community theory or EVERY
governmental scheme. You need to be concise. You can discuss theory
and schemes together. You need to review the literature so that
your work is understood in the context of what has gone before.
this chapter by stating the purpose and rationale of your work
and how it fits in with the literature.
you have introduced the problem and developed the background material,
you are in a position to tell what you did/will do.
tips: DONT QUOTE... learn to paraphrase and reference material.
Quoting text just means that you're really good at copying out
of a book or off the web. Learning how to interpret other's research
is critical to your understanding of how to apply that knowledge.
You do, however, reference the information since it is not yours.
should be able to be written in approximately 1500-2500 words.
I'm not impressed that you decide to turn in 100+ pages of a 'Literature
Review'. You are not writing a Ph.D. dissertation here! I'm also
serious that you should be able to write this chapter in approximately
1500-2500 words. If you find that yours is longer, then you need
to review and delete.
Method (starting a new page)
in detail what you will do and how you will do it.
the Method section into labeled subsections that include:
of the participants,
the apparatus (material/artifact)
and the procedure used.
used' would include the decisions that you have made concerning
using a particular piece of software.
made that decision with some thought as to why it is appropriate.
This is where you discuss such a decision. You also need to again
refer to sources you have read that have led you to make this
decision. Ex: (facts are NOT correct... they have been made up).
'Macromedia Flash has been chosen because of its interactive capabilities
and according to statistics the Flash plug in is installed on
98% of all web browsers (Macromedia, 2001). You can also refer
to your dialogue with your ‘client' here. Make sure you
use proper APA referencing when you do reference email or verbal
YOUR critiques and competitive analysis of other online community
artifacts in Chapter 3, because they have helped you to decide
how and what your work will look like. You should include screen
captures. You should also be concise when discussing your critiques.
You include the full critique/competitive analysis (the form used
for critiques) as an Appendix at the end. Summarize your critique
in Chapter 3 and refer to the compete document in the Appendix.
also refer in this Chapter your Function Specification which should
be included as an Appendix.
all images and charts into the body of the text. Label them according
to APA style guides with a complete list of charts in the appendix
section at the end
is really not completed at this stage, because this would also
be the chapter where you discuss the actual creation of your artifact.
Since you will not be completing it at this stage you can end
the chapter after you’ve reached this stage in discussing
should be able to be written in approximately 1000- 2500 words.
(starting a new page)
in the manuscript must appear in the reference list, and all references
must be cited in the text.
include everything that you refer to in your paper. The reader
may want to read more about something that you have cited and
needs this information to locate the particular paper or book.
include in a reference page material that you have read but have
not cited in the report. It is expected that you will read a great
deal of information that only serves as deep background and isn't
specifically used in your writing.
have a minimum of ten (10) references that are a mixture of online
and off line resources.
to include your signed agreement with your ‘client’
that you had signed at the beginning of the project. (Client agreement).
also have your Concept Document that you created.
map should be included.
specification should be included.
your final report should be approximately 5000 words or 20 pages
plus images, references, and appendix.
for. (Note: this report was written for a completed project so
it is what your report would look like if you actually took this
project to completion. Which you will be able to, should you wish
continue with this project and take the ‘Collaborative Project’